The World Economic Forum (WEF) alongside various major central banks, has launched a central bank digital currency (CBDC) policymaker toolkit.
The policymaker toolkit is an attempt by the WEF to help policy-makers know whether deploying a CBDC would be of advantage and help them through its design, an announcement on January 22 said.
To develop the framework, the WEF joined hands with regulators, central bank researchers, international organizations and experts from over 40 institutions.
Sheila Warren, the head of blockchain and distributed ledger technology (DLT) at the World Economic Forum said that given the critical roles central banks play in the global economy, it was necessary to create a framework.
She further explained any central bank digital currency implementation, including potentially with blockchain technology, will have a profound impact domestically and internationally.
However, she noted it was invariably imperative that central banks proceed cautiously, with a rigorous analysis of the opportunities and challenges posed.
The World Economic Forum’s CBDC Policy‑Maker Toolkit mainly seeks to address the need for a concise CBDC decision guide that provides comprehensive and risk‑aware information to policy‑makers.
This document serves as a possible framework to ensure that any CBDC deployment fully considers the costs as well as the potential benefits, appraising a multitude of risks and evaluating deployment and governance strategies, alternative solutions and other salient factors.
Notably, it is not exhaustive and instead intends to serve as a complement to additional research that any policy‑maker considering CBDC should conduct.
While reacting to the reports that circulated earlier that Hong Kong and Thailand’s central banks have stepped closer to implementing a joint CBDC for cross-border payments, Governor of Bank of Thailand, Veerathai Santiprabhob explained how the toolkit is useful for the continued development of the bank’s digital currency.
He also noted that its own CBDC implementation called “Project Inthanon” recorded good progress.
Governor Rasheed M. Al Maraj of Central Bank of Bahrain announced that the institution that he is guiding will drive the WEF’s toolkit, saying, “We hope that it will be an opportunity to learn, grow and to adapt to the changes in the Fourth Industrial Revolution.”
A digital currency can help traceability compared to physical cash, it can also enhance financial data transmission and reporting.
Additionally, CBDC can improve the cost and speed efficiencies of cross-border interbank payments, reduce settlement and counterparty risks.
Different types of CBDCs
The CBDC is divided into three categories which are notably, hybrid, wholesale and retail.
Also, in cases whereby financial institutions do not have access to a central bank deposit facility to hold reserves at it, the first category of CBDC helps.
The hybrid category allows non-financial users to hold digital currency accounts, while the retail is an electronic system granting access to the central bank reserve that could be used by commercial banks and other financial institutions for interbank and secure transactions.